How to Grow Cucumbers – Planting Cucumbers in Your Garden

Nothing beats fresh cucumbers from your garden! You can slice them for a cool cucumber salad or serve as sticks with your favorite dill dip. Ree Drummond even likes to use cucumber in her take on Marg-a-Ree-tas! We promise you’ll never taste a cucumber as crunchy and delicious as the one you grow yourself! You can also grow many fun varieties that you won’t typically find in the grocery store, including lemon yellow, pickled varieties and those that can grow up to 30cm long.

Luckily, cucumbers are easy to grow in your home vegetable garden. There are two types: Bush, which have a compact, bushy shape making them ideal for small spaces or containers; and trailing species, which are long vines that creep across the ground or are pulled up on a trellis. Whichever you choose, most species will be ready to pick in around 50 to 70 days after planting. Read on to learn more about what you need to know about growing cucumbers.

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How to grow cucumbers

Cucumbers like it hot, so don’t plant too early. They are extremely cold sensitive, so you don’t want your baby plants to be hit by a late frost. Get seeds or seedlings into the ground in late spring, a few weeks after the last expected frost date. To help you identify this date, you can contact your university’s renewal service (find yours here).

In colder parts of the country, start your seeds indoors about three or four weeks before the last expected frost date in your area. In warmer regions, you can plant the seeds directly into the ground.

Make sure you find a spot in full sun, which is six hours or more of direct sunlight. If your soil isn’t the best, mix some compost into the bed before planting. Stick a few seeds about 1 inch deep in the soil and space the next seeds about a foot apart for bush types or four to six feet apart for vine types.

Feed your cucumbers once a month and water them when it’s dry, especially when you start to see fruit. Another important point: Most cucumber varieties produce male and female flowers that need pollination in order to bear fruit. To ensure pollinators visit your cucumbers, plant flowers like alyssum, dill, and marigolds nearby. If the plants aren’t pollinated, you’ll likely end up with no fruit or unconventional, misshapen fruit.

Cucumber plants planted alongside a trellis for plant support, growing in a country garden

JosieN//Getty Images

How do you grow cucumbers vertically?

Give them a trellis, tomato cage, or pea net to climb on. They will generally grasp the structure on their own, but you can “help” them by placing the vines on the trellis where you want them if they try to run away. Bush types can also benefit from a little extra support. This also keeps the vines off the ground so the fruit doesn’t rot. Unlike melons, you don’t need to support the stems as they are strong enough to hold the cukes as the vine climbs.

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When do you pick cucumbers?

Once they’re done, start harvesting! This is because the more you pick them, the more they will produce. Refer to the seed packet to give you a rough idea of ​​when they will be ready to pick. Check your plants every day once things get going as they will double overnight. Use kitchen shears or pruning shears to cut the ripe cucumbers from the vine; Don’t try to twist off the fruit as you could damage the plant. When fertilized and watered regularly, cucumbers are great producers. So you have plenty of reasons to start making your favorite summer salads!

Party Time Cucumber Seeds
Burpee Party Time Cucumber Seeds
Credit: Burpee
Lemon Cucumber Seeds
Seed needs lemon cucumber seed
Credit: Seed Needs
Spacemaster Cucumber Seeds
Seed needs Spacemaster Cucumber Seeds
Credit: Seed Needs
Pick-A-Bushel Pickling Cucumber Seeds
Burpee Pick-A-Bushel Pickling Cucumber Seeds
Credit: Burpee
Headshot by Arricca Elin SanSone

Arricca Elin SanSone has written on health and lifestyle topics for prevention, country living, women’s day and more. She loves gardening, baking, reading and spending time with the people and dogs she loves.

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